- 5-Minute Article
- Sep 20, 2019
5 Questions All Women Need to Ask a Financial Advisor
Make informed decisions about key issues and take charge of your financial future.
Created in Collaboration with Kiplinger.
- What are some financial factors that potentially impact women?
- What steps can a woman take to better prepare for retirement?
- What questions can women ask their financial advisor to help gain better control of their finances?
A secure financial future depends on you making the best decisions today. While that’s true for everyone, it may be especially critical for women – who could face extra challenges such as wage gaps, longer retirements, higher healthcare costs, and more caregiving responsibilities.
To help you navigate the circumstances you may face, and take charge of your financial future, here are five questions you should consider asking a financial advisor. This professional can work with your tax and legal advisors to assist you as well.
Women face different considerations that can impact their retirement savings. On average, women work fewer years and earn less than men,1 but they also tend to live longer. For example, women’s life expectancy is currently 81.1 years compared to 76.1 years for men.2 And once women reach age 70, 3 out of every 4 are likely to live until age 90 (versus 3 out of 5 for men).3
This combination of lower lifetime earnings plus longer lifespans means recalibrating typical retirement savings goals to cover a retirement that could last 20 years or more. To address these realities, do your best during your working years to:
- Contribute enough to your workplace retirement plan to qualify for the full employer match if offered – and more if you can.
- Consider additional retirement savings strategies on your own, like opening a tax-advantaged traditional or Roth IRA.
- If you’re married and don’t have earned income, think about a spousal IRA. Under IRS rules for married couples, a working spouse can generally contribute part of his or her earned income to an IRA (traditional or Roth) for a nonworking spouse if the couple files a joint tax return.
The lifetime risk of needing long-term care often depends on life expectancy. Women’s greater longevity also means they need to consider long-term care coverage as a surviving spouse. In fact, it’s estimated that 3 in 4 women will likely need some level of long-term care in the years after age 65.4
With monthly costs currently averaging $4,195 for a home health aide for 44 hours per week and $8,365 for a private room in a nursing home,5 considering how to cover such expenses should be part of your financial planning. To keep care costs from consuming your retirement savings, work with a financial advisor to evaluate some of these options:
- Long-term care insurance, unlike traditional health insurance, is designed to cover some or all of an individual’s long-term care expenses such as personal care in a nursing facility or your home. Though Medicare may sometimes pay for some short-term skilled nursing and rehabilitative care after a hospital stay, you should not count on it to cover long-term care expenses.6
- Hybrid life insurance policies, which combine long-term care and life insurance. If you need long-term care, you can use part of the policy’s death benefit to help pay for those expenses; if you never use the policy’s long-term care benefits, your loved ones will receive a death benefit.
- Self-funding. Paying long-term care costs out of pocket depends on a realistic assessment of whether your assets and investing strategy are sufficient to cover long-term care costs on top of years of living expenses.
Women may need to save more money for the future because of their increased longevity, but statistics show that they could struggle to amass wealth due to a lower tolerance for investing risk.7 Many women, however, say they’re actively looking for opportunities to make their money work harder. In one recent survey, nearly three-quarters (72%) said they want to take concrete steps to help make their savings grow faster.8
What can you do? Ensure your investing strategy balances risk with the stronger potential portfolio growth needed to sustain your financial future. Talk with a financial advisor to determine the appropriate amount of risk based on your age, comfort level, and how much income you’ll likely need. Together, you can develop a clear set of short- and long-term goals that will help clarify your approach.
Because women live longer than men, decisions about the timing and source of Social Security retirement benefits take on extra weight.
You can start receiving reduced benefits as early as age 62, rather than waiting until your full retirement age (FRA), which ranges from 65 to 67 and is based on your birth year. If you take Social Security before your FRA, however, the amount of your annual benefit payment will be reduced by 25% to 30% permanently. Similarly, if you wait to collect benefits until you’re older than your FRA, the amount of your annual benefit will increase by as much as 8% per year until you reach age 70.9
Marital status may also play a role in your benefits strategy. For example:10
- Married women can generally choose to claim a benefit based on their work record or receive 50% of their spouse’s benefit, whichever is higher.
- Divorced women may be able to claim benefits on a former spouse’s work record under certain conditions.
- Widows are eligible to receive either their own Social Security payment or their late spouse’s as a survivor benefit, keeping the higher of the two payments – but not both.
In some cases, you may be able to strategically maximize payments. One example: You can claim a late spouse’s benefit before reaching your FRA, then switch to your benefit later, or vice versa.
All of these choices can affect your financial security in retirement, so it’s important to discuss the scenarios and outcomes with a financial advisor.
Women often shoulder the majority of caregiving services for family members.11 And that support can come with a costly price tag in the form of reduced income, increased financial stress, and at-risk retirement security. In fact, one study reveals that women devote 21% of their average annual income on caregiving expenses, resulting in greater financial strain.12
If you’re stepping into a caregiving role, it’s a good idea to discuss the impact with a financial advisor. He or she can be a resource to help you navigate expenses and income sources as well as determine how much financial support you can provide without jeopardizing your financial future.
With these questions as a guideline, work together with a financial advisor to build, protect, and ensure your financial security. Making informed decisions about these key issues may help you better prepare to make the most of your money in the years ahead.